Hortus Malabaricus: A 17th Century Treatise on the Flora of Kerala
Hortus Malabaricus (meaning Garden of Malabar) is a comprehensive treatise that deals with the medicinal properties of the flora in the Indian state of Kerala. It was published in 12 volumes in Latin from 1678 to 1703 by Hendrik van Rheede, a Dutch governor of Cochin who was interested in botany and natural history. The book contains descriptions and illustrations of about 740 plants, many of which are endemic to the region. It also includes information on the local names, uses, and culture of the plants, as well as some Malayalam scripts that were printed for the first time.
The book is considered a landmark in the history of botany and medicine, as it was one of the earliest and most comprehensive works on the tropical flora of Asia. It was also a source of inspiration and reference for many later botanists, such as Carl Linnaeus, who used it to name and classify several plant species. The book is also a valuable document of the cultural and linguistic diversity of Kerala, as it reflects the collaboration and contribution of various communities, such as the Dutch, the Portuguese, the local rulers, the Brahmins, the Nairs, the Ezhavas, and the Christians.
The book has been translated into English and Malayalam by Dr. K.S. Manilal, an eminent botanist and emeritus professor at Calicut University. The English translation was published in 2003 by Kerala University, while the Malayalam translation was published in 2008 by Kerala Bhasha Institute. The translations aim to make the book accessible and relevant to modern readers, as well as to preserve and promote the rich heritage of Kerala.
Hortus Malabaricus : Hendrik van Rheede : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
Hortus Malabaricus (1678-1693) â The Public Domain Review
The Hortus Malabaricus is not only a scientific work, but also a artistic masterpiece. The book contains 794 copper-plate engravings of the plants, drawn by local artists under the supervision of Van Rheede. The illustrations are remarkable for their accuracy and detail, as well as their aesthetic appeal. The book also features several portraits of the people involved in the project, such as Van Rheede, the local rulers, the Brahmin scholars, and the Dutch collaborators. The book is a testament to the artistic talent and skill of the Malabar region.
The Hortus Malabaricus is also a historical document that sheds light on the social and political context of Kerala in the 17th century. The book reveals the complex interactions and relations between the various communities and powers that coexisted in the region, such as the Dutch, the Portuguese, the Mughals, the Zamorins, the Cochin kings, and the Travancore kings. The book also shows the influence and impact of the European colonization and trade on the local economy, culture, and environment. The book is a valuable source of information and insight into the history of Kerala.
The Hortus Malabaricus is a unique and remarkable work that deserves to be celebrated and appreciated by all. It is a product of human curiosity, creativity, and collaboration across cultures and disciplines. It is a treasure trove of knowledge and beauty that enriches our understanding and appreciation of nature and culture. It is a legacy of Kerala that we can be proud of. 061ffe29dd